UPSC, SSC & NDA

Home / Service / UPSC,SSC & NDA

UPSC, SSC & NDA

The Union Public Service Commission commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India's premier central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

SSC CGL is considered to be one of the biggest examinations to be conducted for graduate students in India. SSC conducts SSC CGL every year to recruit staff for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and in its Subordinate Offices.

NDA exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and Air force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA), is through National Defence Academy Entrance Exam which is held twice a year, generally in the month of April and September. A candidate must be an unmarried male.

The Union Public Service Commission commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India's premier central recruiting agency. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

UPSC is a Constitutional Body under Article 315-323 Part XIV Chapter II of the Constitution of India to discharge their duties, functions and obligations assigned under Article 320. The UPSC conducts various examinations in accordance with the Rules of examination as notified by the Government of India in a just, fair and impartial manner for making a merit based selection and recommendation of candidates for various Group A and Group B Services of the Govt. of India.

All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Service
  • India Foreign Service
  • Indian Police Service
  • Group – A Services

  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
  • Indian Defense Accounts Service
  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
  • Indian Postal Service
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service
  • Indian Defense Estates Service
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
  • Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
  • Group – B Services

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
  • Pondicherry Civil Service
  • Pondicherry Police Service
  • Civil Service Exam Syllabus

    Civil Service Preliminary Exam

    Paper I : General Studies

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of Indian independence and Indian national movement
  • Geography: India (physical, social, economic); Global geography
  • Indian Politics and governmental issues
  • Economic and social development
  • Environmental Science
  • General science.
  • Paper II: Aptitude Studies

  • English Comprehension
  • Interpersonal and communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General intelligence abilities
  • Basic maths (Class X standard)
  • Civil Service Mains Exam

    Paper A : Ist paper : Any Indian language (anyone from the following list)

    Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam,Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya,Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu,Bodo, Santhali, Maithili, Dogri

    The question pattern for Indian language paper are as follows:

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
  • Paper A : IInd paper: English

    The question pattern for English paper are as follows:

  • Comprehension
  • Essay/precis writing
  • Grammar and vocabulary
  • Paper B : 1st Paper - Essay

    Within 500-800 words, applicants have to draft an essay on a given topic. This can be written in the medium of language or language of the candidates choice. Concise, well expressed and opinionated essays are given credit marks.

    Sample Essay topics for IAS Mains Paper B Essay section:

  • India against terrorism
  • Environmental Concern is changing the course of International Politics
  • Geospatial Information Regulation Bill
  • Agriculture marketing in India
  • Drought in India
  • Nuclear Security Summit
  • Demonetization in India
  • Paper B : 2nd Paper – General Studies – I

  • India – heritage, culture, history, geography, trends
  • Indian culture
  • Modern India and its contributors
  • The Independent India movement and struggle
  • Post Independence and current state of India
  • Paper B : 3rd Paper – General Studies – II

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their locationchange in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and icecaps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  • International relations and governance
  • Indian culture
  • Modern India history (personalities, issues and events)
  • The Independent India movement and struggle
  • Post Independence and current state of India
  • Paper B : 4th Paper – General Studies – III

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, egovernance-applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
  • Technology/ Economic Development/ Bio diversity/ Security and disaster.
  • Government Budgets.
  • Growth and development.
  • Indian Economy – Status and trends.
  • Paper B : 5th Paper – General Studies – IV

  • Ethics, integrity and aptitude.
  • Ethics and human interface.
  • Attitude and personality.
  • Human values and behavior.
  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology.
  • Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
  • Paper B : 6th Paper

    Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks

    Paper B : 7th Paper

    Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

    Candidates can pick one topic from the given list:

  • Botany
  • Economics
  • General Studies
  • Philosophy
  • Geography
  • Agriculture
  • Chemistry
  • Medical Science
  • Law
  • Essays
  • Psychology
  • Commerce and accounts
  • Maths
  • Physics
  • Statistics
  • Sociology
  • Electrical engineering
  • UPSC Eligibility

    Academic

  • The candidate must hold a PASS BACHELOR'S degree from any of the Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University, under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
  • Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the final examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to apply for the Preliminary Examination.
  • All such candidates who qualify the Prelims examination must produce a proof of Pass Bachelor Degree to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination. This Degree has to be attached with their application for the Main Examinations.
  • The UPSC may in exceptional cases treat a candidate without the foregoing requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he / she have passed an examination conducted by other institutions, the standard of which justifies his / her admission in the opinion of the Commission. The criteria may apply to candidates having bachelor's degree from any reputed foreign university for example Oxford, Cambridge, and Harvard etc.
  • Candidates with professional and technical bachelor's degrees that are recognised by the Government are also eligible to apply example MBBS, BE etc.
  • Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned authority of the University / Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination along with their Main Examination application. At the Interview stage they must produce a certificate from a competent authority that they have completed (including internship) and all the requirements for the award of the Medical Degree.
  • UPSC Age limit

    A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 32 years on 1st August of the year of examination.

    Upper age limit relaxation for OBC SC/ST

  • Up to a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste (SC) or a Scheduled Tribe (ST).
  • Up to a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBC) who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
  • Up to a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st December, 1989.
  • Up to a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.
  • Up to a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August and must have been released.
  • On completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or on invalid.
  • Up to a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1st August and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.
  • Up to a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped persons.
  • UPSC age limit & Attempts

    Category Maximum Age No. of Attempts
    General 32 6
    OBC 32+3=35 9
    SC/ST 32+5=37 As many as upto age limt
    Physically disabled
    (Blind, Deaf-mute, Orthopedic)
    32+10=42 if general then 9
    OBC then 9
    SC/ST- then upto age limt
    J & K domicile if general then
    32+5=37
    OBC then
    32+5+3=40
    SC/ST then
    32+5+5=42
    PH then
    32+5+10=50
    depending on above categories
    viz.Gen, OBC, SC/ST, Disabled
    Disabled serviceman discharged from duty if general then
    32+3=35
    OBC then
    32+3+3=38
    SC/ST then
    32+3+5=40
    -do-
    Ex-serviceman with five years duty if general then
    32+5=37
    OBC then
    32+5+3=40
    SC/ST then
    32+5+5=42
    -do-

    SSC CGL is considered to be one of the biggest examinations to be conducted for graduate students in India. SSC conducts SSC CGL every year to recruit staff for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and in its Subordinate Offices.

    posts can be applied by freshers who will be appearing for the exam

  • Assistant Audit Officer
  • Assistant Accounts Officer
  • Assistant Section Officer
  • Assistant/ Superintendent
  • Inspector Of Income Tax
  • Inspector (Central Excise)
  • Inspector (Preventive Officer)
  • Inspector (Examiner)
  • Asst. Enforcement Officer
  • Sub Inspector
  • Inspector
  • Divisional Accountant
  • Junior Statistical Officer
  • Auditor
  • Accountant
  • Accountant/ Junior Accountant
  • Senior Secretariat Assistant/ UDC
  • Tax Assistant
  • Upper Division Clerk (UDC)
  • The Staff Selection Commission conducts Combined Higher Secondary Level (CHSL) exam every year for recruitment in various Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations of the Government of India. The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the Combined Higher Secondary Level (CHSL, 10+2) Exam for recruitment to various posts like:

  • Postal Assistants/Sorting Assistants(PA/SA).
  • Data Entry Operator (DEO).
  • Lower Divisional Clerk (LDC).
  • Court Clerk.
  • SSC CHSL Eligibility Criteria

    There are 3 important criteria which a candidate must fulfill in order to be eligible for the SSC CHSL 2019. The 3 parameters are given below:

  • Citizenship: Candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • Age Limit: Age limit for the posts is 18-27 years as on 01-08-2019 (i.e. Candidates born not before 02-08-1992 and not later than 01-08-2001).
  • Educational Qualification:
  • For LDC/ JSA, PA/ SA, DEO (except DEOs in C & AG): The candidates must have passed 12th Standard or equivalent examination from a recognized Board or University.

    For Data Entry Operator (DEO) in the Office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (C & AG): 12th Standard pass in Science stream with Mathematics as a subject from a recognized Board or equivalent.

    NDA exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Recruitment of candidates to Army, Navy and Air force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA), is through National Defence Academy Entrance Exam which is held twice a year, generally in the month of April and September. A candidate must be an unmarried male.

    The candidates Joining Indian Naval Academy would undergo 4 years B.Tech Course and would be given an opportunity to join Executive and Technical Branches of the Navy subject to availability of vacancies

    Eligibility criteria of NDA exam

    The minimum age to apply for NDA exam is 16-years 6 months, up to a maximum age of 19-years 6months.

    Only unmarried male candidates can apply for UPSC NDA exam. Also, NDA applicants can only marry after completing their respective training sessions.

    Citizenship of applicants of NDA exam must be :

  • a citizen of India
  • a subject of Bhutan
  • a subject of Nepal
  • a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st July, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India
  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  • For those belonging between ii and v, will require a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India.

    Educational qualification for NDA exam

    Class – XII pass from any state board or a university. (in 10+2 academic system)

    Educational qualification for air force, Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy

    Class – XII pass from any state board or a university. (in 10+2 academic system)

    Candidates appearing for XIIth standard admission can apply for the above positions in NDA.

    However, students of XIth standard cannot apply for NDA exam.

    If previously debarred by the Ministry of Defence, India at any occasion – such applicants are not permitted to take up the NDA exam.

    Failed students in INSB/PABT cannot apply for Indian airforce.

    Physical criteria for NDA exam

    National Defence Academy and Naval Academy examination sets the following physical health criteria for NDA applicants:

    Before final medical test in military hospitals, candidates have to should treat all minor and common disorders like ear wax, deviated nasal septum, piles, overweight/underweight, undersized chest, gynaecomastia, tonsillitis, varicocele.

    Only candidates declared fit by medical board are offered admission to NDA.

    Permanent body tattoos are accepted only on inner face of forearm. However applicants from tribal communities with tattoo marks on the face or body as per their existing custom and traditions will be permitted. Comdt Selection Center takes final decision for candidates and their tattoos.

    Physical height criteria: 157 cms(162.5 cms. for Air Force)

    For Gorkhas and applicants from North Eastern India the physical height can be 5 cm less.

    For candidates from Lakshwadeep, height can be 2 cm less.

    NDA Maths syllabus

  • Algebra
  • Trigonometry
  • Probability
  • Permutation Combination
  • Analytical question
  • Percentage
  • Profit and loss
  • Ratio and proportion
  • NDA General Ability Test syllabus

    Paper 2 in NDA i.e. the General Ability Test judges a candidate’s basic awareness and English proficiency. This section is further divided into two parts, English and General Knowledge.

  • Total marks awarded to Paper 2 are 600.
  • This paper must be completed in 2.5 hours.
  • Here is the subject-wise NDA Syllabus for Paper 2:
  • Part A- English

  • The English portion of the entrance test is designed in a way to judge a candidate's knowledge of the basic grammar and vocabulary.
  • It judges a candidate’s ability to form correct sentences and use of words.
  • The syllabus of the English paper ranges from various aspects like the knowledge and usage of grammar, vocabulary, comprehension, and his mental ability to remember and place the meaning of words in their proper places.
  • Marks allotted to this section are 300.
  • Part B- General Knowledge

    The question paper on General Knowledge will cover current affairs, questions from Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events. NDA syllabus of each topic is given below. The paper aims to check knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.